Born at Manchester, England, Methodist. Enlisted 14 July 1916 at Perth, age 21, clerk. Nok (father deceased) mother, Susanah Betts, Fremantle Road, Cottesloe. Embarked at Fremantle 29 December 1916 per A34 Persic. Proceeded to France 30 July 1917. Sick with diarrhoea and admitted to hospital in Belgium 3 January 1918. Sick with influenza and admitted to a hospital at Dartford, England 10 February 1919. RTA per A37 Barambah to Fremantle 17 October 1919. Discharged 25 November 1919. Service medals: BMW and VM.