Born at Bunbury WA, CoE. Enlisted 10 February 1916 age 25, manager Line Merchant. Nok wife, Adeline Briggs of Queen St and later Agett Rd Claremont. Embarked Fremantle 6 June 1916 A29 Suevic. On 4 October 1917 in France he was wounded in the eye. Wounded again 25 May 1918 with severe wound to shoulder and chest. Evacuated to King George Hospital Stanford. RTA per Somali December 1918. Awarded the Meritorious Service Medal that was sent to his sister on 21 January 1919. Service medals and awards: MSM, BWM and VM. Citation: Date of recommendation: 3 March 1918, ‘For continued good service, devotion to duty, and conspicuous gallantry in action. In June 1917, he took part in Messines fighting, and fought his gun under very heavy enemy gun fire and machine gun fire, and displayed great courage in moving his gun into a forward position and dislodging the enemy from a strongly held position. In July and August 1917, near Warrenton, he again led his gun team without personal fear and set a fine example to all around him of personal bravery, under heavy enemy fire. On October 4, 1917, near Passchendaele, although wounded in face and arm he continued to fight his gun, and was instrumental in repelling the enemy from the cemetery near Passchendaele.’ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette: 7 November 1918, p. 2113, Position 235. Date of London Gazette: 17 June 1918 Location in Page 7178, Position 36.