Born at Hawthorn Melbourne, Methodist. Enlisted 20 May (elsewhere 1 May) 1918, age 30, business manager. Nok wife, Annie Burridge, Perth-Fremantle Road, Osborne (later Claremont/Swanbourne). Embarked at Albany 29 July 1918 per A74 Marathon. Served in England and France. Granted leave without pay from 1 April to 31 July 1919 to return to Australia at his own expense. RTA to Sydney 17 July 1919 per Tango Maru. Arrived at Fremantle 9 August 1919 per Osterley. Service medals: BWM and VM. Cottesloe-Claremont Rifle Club Roll of Honour.