Born on Garden Island WA, Congregational. Enlisted 24 February 1916 age 42, clerk. Nok sister, Mrs Janet Smith of 121 Mandurah Road, South Fremantle. Embarked at Fremantle 18 July 1916 per A48 Seang Bee. Served in England 1916-1917. Suffering severe deafness and RTA September 1917 per A30 Borda. Service medals: BWM only. Cottesloe and district Honour Rolls.