Born Fremantle, Presbyterian. Enlisted 5 July 1916 age 19 farm hand. Nok, mother deceased, father, Stewart Holm, John St, North Fremantle. Embarked at Fremantle 29 December 1916 per A34 Persic. While serving in France he was shell gas wounded and suffered a wound to the back on 27 October 1917. Sent to hospital in England and returned to France in April 1918 and wounded a second time 4 July 1918. RTA per Namala 1 June 1919 and discharged 15 September 1919. Service medals: BWM and VM. Cottesloe Honour Rolls and RSL membership.