Born at Warrnambool, Victoria, Presbyterian. Enlisted 25 August 1914 age 19, bank clerk. Nok mother, Mrs L.A. King, Leake St, Cottesloe, later at Lawrenny, Leslie St, Mount Lawley. Embarked at Melbourne on 20 October 1914 per Karroo. Served in Gallipoli and France. Awarded the Military Medal on 12 December 1917. RTA 4 June 1919 per Bremen. Citation: ‘This N.C.O. did very fine work during the period 20th to 22nd September, 1917 in maintaining telephone communication between Cable Head and 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade Forward Station. These wires were continually being cut by enemy shell fire and this NCO at great personal risk continually patrolled and mended them. It was mainly owing to his untiring efforts, endurance and resource that this means of communication was maintained.’ Second Supplement No. 30424 London Gazette 11 December 1917. Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. 66, 2 May 1918. Service medals and award: MM, 1914-1915 Star, BMW and VM.