Born at Prospect, South Aust. Methodist. Enlisted 11 January 1915 age 18, carpenter. Nok mother, living at Prospect, SA. Embarked at Adelaide 24 June 1915 per A61 Kanowna. Served at Gallipoli in 1915, Egypt 1915-1917. RTA May 1919 per Orari. Service medals: 1914-1915 Star, BWM and VM. Post Office Directories list him at 4 Salisbury St, Cottesloe from mid 1930s and this is confirmed on his 1968 letter in his service file.