Born at London, Middlesex, England. Wesleyan. Enlisted 7 December 1915 age 41, bricklayer. Nok wife, Florence Piper, 320 Fitzgerald St, North Perth then 44 Eton St, North Perth. Embarked at Fremantle 1 April 1916 per A38 Ulysses. Wounded in action in France 7 August 1916. RTA 5 November 1917 affected by debility and age. Service medals: BMW and VM. Cottesloe Honour Rolls.