Born at Bendigo, Victoria, Church of Christ. Enlisted 21 September 1917 age 38, wood machinist. Nok wife, Mary Santwyk, Wellington St, Cottesloe Beach. Embarked at Melbourne 30 October 1917 per A60 Aeneas. Served in France with the 15 Field Ambulance Coy and RTA per Mahana on September 1919. Service medals: BWM and VM.