Born in Lancashire England, CoE. Enlisted 19 August 1915 age 18, butcher. Nok sister, Nancy Alice Needham, Cumberland England. His Western Australian address was Rothsesay, Forrest St, Cottesloe. Embarked at Fremantle 2 November 1915 per A38 Ulysses. He served in the Middle East then in France where he was wounded in the arm 15 June 1916. Wounded a second time 10 August 1916 and a third time 18 August 1917. RTA per A54 Runic, April 1919. Service medals: 1914-15 Star, BWM and VM.