Born at Cottesloe Beach, RC. Enlisted 9 March 1916 age 18, student. Nok (father deceased) mother, Mary (Crowder) Higgs of Darkdale, Kenwick. Embarked at Fremantle 7 August 1916 per A28 Miltiades. and RTA May 1917 for discharge on 16 July 1917. Service medals: BWM and VM. Cottesloe and district Honour Rolls.