Born South Yarra, Victoria, CoE. Enlisted 11 April 1917 age 33, attendant at Claremont Hospital. Nok wife, Susie Matilda Gardiner, Osborne Parade, Cottesloe. Embarked at Fremantle 9 November 1917 per A73 Commonwealth. Served in Middle East. RTA 26 August 1919 per Delta and discharged 18 October 1919. Service medals: BMW and VM.