Born at Beaconsfield, WA, Salvation Army. Former pupil at Cottesloe School. Enlisted 10 May 1916 age 22, horse driver. Nok wife, Annie Ellen Kuser, Collier Rd, Bayswater. Embarked at Fremantle per A29 Suevic 6 June 1916 and was serving in France in 1917. RTA per A60 Aeneas January 1919. Service medals: BWM and VM.