Born at Broken Hill, NSW, Wesleyan. Enlisted 18 January 1916 age 25, horse driver. Nok wife, Rosie May Opie of Jackson St, North Fremantle. Embarked at Fremantle per A28 Suevic 6 June 1916. Wounded in France 9 June 1917. RTA 31 January 1918. On 28 August 1917 awarded the Distinguished Service Medal during which he was wounded and hospitalised in England. RTA per H.S. A8 Argyllshire in January 1918 and discharged as medically unfit for service. He received a pension of 60 shillings a fortnight for himself, 30 shillings for his wife, Rose Mary and 20 shillings for his daughter Marie Amelia May of North Fremantle. DSM Citation: ‘For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when acting as stretcher bearer. Whilst bringing in a wounded man on a stretcher, his fellow bearer was shot through the head, whereupon he picked up the stretcher case and carried him on his back to our lines unaided, under heavy machine gun fire. He then obtained the services of another stretcher bearer, and returned to his work, which he carried on until he was wounded.’ Third Supplement No. 30251 to the London Gazette 24 August 1917. Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. 219 of 20 December 1917. He was shot in the chest and medically incapable of continuing. Service medals: BWM and VM. In 1926 he was still waiting for his Victory Medal. He was then residing at 57 Gloster St, Subiaco.