Born at Wangaratta, Victoria, Presbyterian. Enlisted 16 July 1915 age 19, coach trimmer. Nok mother, Mary Ann Pope, 450 William St, Perth. Embarked at Fremantle 9 December 1915 per A23 Suffolk. Served in France. RTA 21 June 1919 per Konigin Luise. Service medals: BMW and VM. Cottesloe and district Honour Rolls.