Born at Williamstown, Victoria, Methodist. Enlisted 17 January 1916 age 45, carpenter. Nok wife, Alice Randall, 107 Lawler St, Subiaco, WA. Embarked at Fremantle 18 July 1916 per A48 Seang Bee. Served in England. RTA 19 October 1917 per SS Port Lyttleton for discharge; reason given he was over age. Medals: BMW and VM. Cottesloe and district Honour Rolls.