Born on 16 August 1898 at Geraldton, WA, CoE. Enlisted 15 January 1918 age 19 fireman. Nok mother, Mary Agnes Renner, Ocean Rd, Cottesloe (father deceased). Embarked at Fremantle 13 March 1918 per SS Ormonde. Saw service in France and RTA per Karmala in July 1919. Service medals: BMW and VM. Honour Roll Ancient Order of Druids Acorn Lodge 463 Cottesloe.