Born at Charleston, Qld, RC. Enlisted 2 August 1915 age 30, plumber. Nok sister, Mrs Mary Ada Holt, Broome St, Cottesloe. Embarked at Fremantle in November 1915 per A24 Benalla. Wounded in action, shell shock in France on 6 August 1916 and severe wound to the knee on 14 August 1917. RTA August 1918. Service medals: 1914-1915 Star. BWM and VM.